Every once in a while, something happens to us or someone we know and wish we had known some first aid. Health Briefs wants readers to know some basic first aid tips in case they are needed.
First aid kits are sold in almost every grocery and discount store. They are very affordable. One can get a first aid kit that fits under a car seat and in a bathroom or kitchen cabinet. They contain everything one needs in case of an emergency from cold packs to bandages.
For burns – the size and severity of the burn are vital to knowing when to treat yourself or take someone to an emergency room. Third-degree burns make the skin look charred, black or dry and white. Burns larger than 3 inches or on the hands, feet, face, groin buttocks, or major joints should be treated by medical personnel. Other than those: hold the affected area under cool (not cold) running water for 10 to 15 minutes and then cover loosely with a sterile clean bandage. Do not apply ice, ointment or pop blisters.
For cuts – Help stop external bleeding by applying continuous pressure with a clean cloth. If still bleeding after 30 minutes, seek medical help. If the bleeding stops, clean the wound with clear water and no soap. Cover with clean bandage and change bandage daily or if it gets wet or dirty.
For heat-related illnesses – Warning signs include nausea, headache and dizziness. If someone is displaying these symptoms: lead the affected person to a shady area, or in front of a fan. Immerse limbs in cold water. Be sure the person loads up on water throughout the cooling off time and over the next 24 hours. If the person is not feeling better after 30 minutes of cooling off, call a doctor.
The Health Briefs TV show offers these first aid tips and encourages readers to learn to seek out more advanced first aid instruction from the Red Cross.